Frequency of Text Neck Syndrome in Medical Students due to Excessive Usage of Electronic Devices

  • Asad Ali Chaudary Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College
  • Farjad Aslam Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College
  • Arfa ali Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College
  • Arshman Rauf Asghar Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College
  • Hamza Bashir Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College
  • Arfa Awais Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College
  • Ch. Zaid Riaz Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College
  • Bismah Riaz Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College
  • Maj. Gen ® Ch. Ahmed Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College
  • Ch. Ahmed Brig Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College
  • Brig® Shahid Majeed Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College
  • Amna Shahab Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College
  • Mudassar M Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College

Abstract

Objective: To determine the frequency of text neck syndrome in medical undergraduate students using smart phone, tablets or laptop.


Methods: It was a cross-sectional survey using non-probability convenient sampling technique at Combined Military Hospital(CMH) Lahore medical college and Institute of dentistry, Lahore from January 2019 to February 2019 in a period of one month. Our sample size was 500 undergraduate students from first year till final year MBBS and BDS. The inclusion criteria of the study were all medical undergraduates who were using smart phone, tablet and laptop for past six-month or more. We filled all questionnaire at the spot. The exclusion criteria of the study were all questionnaire which were filled with the help of colleague, going through internet, and left incomplete. Data was obtained using pre-tested self-administered questionnaire.


Results: Out of total 500 medical students, 292 (58.4%) were female and 208 (41.6%) were male. The mean age of our study subjects were 23 ±2 years. The frequency of text neck syndrome was documented in 218 (43.6%) students. There was no disability (0-4 scores) in 292(58.4%) students, mild disability(5-14 score) in 150(30%) students and moderate disability (15-24 scores) in 58 (11.6%) with p-value <0.004.


Conclusion: Text neck syndrome was common in medical students using smart phones. Females students were more prone to have text neck syndrome than male students.

Author Biographies

Asad Ali Chaudary, Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College

Conception and design of the study,

Farjad Aslam, Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College

acquisition of data,

Arfa ali, Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College

Interpreted the data

Arshman Rauf Asghar, Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College

Drafted the manuscript,

Hamza Bashir, Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College

Revised the manuscript critically for important intellectual content,

Arfa Awais, Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College

Final approval of the version for publication

Ch. Zaid Riaz, Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College

Acquisition of data,

Bismah Riaz, Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College

Interpreted the data,

Maj. Gen ® Ch. Ahmed, Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College

Revised the manuscript critically for important intellectual content

Ch. Ahmed Brig, Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College

Revised the manuscript critically for important intellectual content

Brig® Shahid Majeed, Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College

Final approval of the version for publication

Amna Shahab, Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College

acquisition of data

Mudassar M, Department of Orthopedics Surgery Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Lahore Medical College

Drafted the manuscript

References

1. Kumar LR, Chii KD, Way LC, Jetly Y, Rajendaran V. Awareness of mobile phone hazards among university students in a Malaysian medical school. Health 2011;3(07):406.
2. Vate-U-Lan P. Text Neck Epidemic: A Growing Problem for Smart Phone Users in Thailand. International Journal of the Computer, the Internet and Management 2015;23(3):55-6.
3. Neupane S, Ali UI, Mathew A. Text Neck Syndrome-Systematic Review. Imperial J Interdisciplinary Res 2017;3(7):141-8.
4. Xie Y, Szeto G, Dai J. Prevalence and risk factors associated with musculoskeletal complaints among users of mobile handheld devices: A systematic review. Applied ergonomics. 2017;59:132-42.
5. Lee JI, Song HS. The correlation analysis between hours of smartphone use and neck pain in the Gachon university students. The Acupuncture 2014;31(2):99-109.
6. Kim MS. Influence of neck pain on cervical movement in the sagittal plane during smartphone use. J Physical Therapy Sci.2015;27(1):15-7.
7. Kim HJ, Kim JS. The relationship between smartphone use and subjective musculoskeletal symptoms and university students. J Physical Therapy Sci 2015;27(3):575-9.
8. AlZarea BK, Patil SR. Mobile Phone Head and Neck Pain Syndrome: Proposal of a New Entity. OHDM Headache 2015;14(5):313-7.
9. Al-Gharabawi B. Text Neck Syndrome: A New Concern for Physical Therapists Worldwide”. EC Orthopaedics 2017;8(3):89-91.
10. Samani PP, Athavale NA, Shyam A, Sancheti PK. Awareness of text neck syndrome in young-adult population. Int J Community Med Public Health 2018;5(8):1-5.
11. Fishman, D. (2015). “Text neck: A Global Epidemic”. The Text Neck Institute. . Accessed 28 September 2015.
12. Walsh A. A Modern Spine Ailment: Text Neck. Spine-health. Available at: http://www.spinehealth. com/blog/modern-spine-ailmenttext-neck. Accessed on 5 November 2015.
13. Kim MS. Influence of neck pain on cervical movement in the sagittal plane during smartphone use. J Physical Therap Sci 2015;27(1):15-7.
14. Gustafsson E, Thomée S, Grimby-Ekman A, Hagberg M. Texting on mobile phones and musculoskeletal disorders in young adults: a five-year cohort study. Applied Ergonomics 2017;58:208-14.
Published
2019-10-30
How to Cite
ALI CHAUDARY, Asad et al. Frequency of Text Neck Syndrome in Medical Students due to Excessive Usage of Electronic Devices. Journal of Pakistan Orthopaedic Association, [S.l.], v. 31, n. 02, p. 79-82, oct. 2019. ISSN 2076-8966. Available at: <http://jpoa.org.pk/index.php/upload/article/view/325>. Date accessed: 16 dec. 2019.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.